The most treasured resource in the world today is afraid of its own expansion. Reasons to this could be many but right now, I will try to sketch an outline of the contemporary situation prevailing in the world. It is not hidden from the world that the developed countries are moving towards some protectionist policy. The United States and the United Kingdom are the best among the examples to be cited to clear this “reservation”. In the US, where voters went with the slogan of “Make America great again” which led to Donald Trump’s triumph, while in the U.K, voters held the slogan “Let’s take back control” which led to the famous Brexit, which gave Britain it’s autonomy.
Fig: In the UK, the voters were swayed by these sigils, at the time of Brexit, last year.
We are living in the world, where things are changing very rapidly. The future belongs to the robots, androids, Sexbots etc. In this world, even automation can lead to loss in millions of jobs, let’s for example a concurrent situation of India to clear this picture of haze, where 6 lakh I.T engineers are scared to get fired in next 3 years.
This is just not an issue of India in particular but It’s an issue of human race in general. Terrorism, poverty, gender inequality, corruption are some of the array of the issues which the world is facing.
Talking particularly about corruption, it has affected the judiciary and Police, bribery, theft and tax evasion. The corruption cost some US $1.26 trillion for developing countries per year; this amount of money could be used to lift those who are living on less than $1.25 a day. The rate of children leaving primary school in conflict affected countries reached 50 per cent in 2011, which accounts to 28.5 million children, showing the impact on creating unstable societies.
Poverty has been playing an important role in widening disparity between human beings.
Around 836 million people still live in extreme poverty. About one in five persons in developing regions lives on less than $1.25 per day. The overwhelming majority of people living on less than $1.25 a day belong to two regions: Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. High poverty rates are often found in small, fragile and conflict-affected countries. One in four children under age five in the world has inadequate height for his or her age. Everyday in 2014, 42,000 people had to abandon their homes to seek protection due to conflict.
Now let’s talk of the overall population. The human population, as per the statistics given by World Bank Data, grew from 1.5 billion to 6.5 billion in the twentieth century, which means the population was increased immensely, even more than three times.
Fig: Population expansion since 1800.
Every year, the world’s population is expanding by 83 million people. Right now, there are around 7.6 billion people in the world. By 2050, there will be just short of 10 billion. But population trends are wildly uneven – some countries are rapidly expanding, others are shrinking.
Every scenario casts its own challenges. Countries whose populations are declining have to think about strategies to manage youths in the various sectors of the country so that they maintain the optimum balance everywhere even in the limited population that they have. And the countries with a booming young population have to grapple with how to feed them and provide education and healthcare.
Here are some key facts about the world’s population, taken from the latest UN World Population Prospects. By 2024, India will overtake China as the world’s most populous country.
Fig: Projected Population of India and China.
China currently has 1.4 billion inhabitants, closely followed by India with 1.3 billion. Together they make up 37% of the world’s population. Nigeria has the world’s fastest growing population. Nigeria is currently 7th on the list of most populous countries, but before 2050 it will move to the third place, overtaking the US.
Fig: Population Growth and Decline in Nigeria, Pakistan and Ukraine.
Well coordinated efforts have yielded some favorable results. Since the 1960s, the global birth rate has fallen to an average of 2.5 births per woman. However, that average is made up of highly diverse figures: in Africa its 4.7 births per woman, in Europe it’s 1.6 births per woman.
Overall, life expectancy is increasing. On a global level, life expectancy at birth rose by almost 4 years, or from 67 to 71 years, between 2000 and 2015.
These statistics can be helpful in drawing some open facts. One of them certainly is that Asia is highly populated region of the world, and certainly needs more control in overall population. So there needs to be planning and commitment from the Asian countries, especially China and India, these two countries are the backbone of Asian countries, but can also pave their way as the most developed countries in the upcoming decades.
Fig: The world population density map as on 2011.
On 11th of July, 2017, which is officially deemed as World Population Day by the United Nations, we should vow to keep the optimum population in proportion to the resources that exist. Efforts and cooperation are required by every surviving member of our race. It is our duty to give adequate resources to our next generations. The concept of sustainable development needs to be undertaken with full force and dedication.
We are upbringing managers. Most of the youngsters are interested in taking management as a career. The scope of management is wide and never ending. These managers need to lay down plans how we can avail sustainable development keeping the population below the brim. Everyone needs to step in, I repeat “everyone” because we desire a bigger change. A change keeping in mind the future of our daughters/sons, granddaughters and grandsons. We certainly cannot let ourselves down.
You can also read my previous post, “Why Not A Politician?”, and lend me your feedbacks in the comments section.